Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, is a disorder of the digestive system.
The ring of muscle between the esophagus and stomach is the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and this is affected in the condition of GERD. Gastroesophageal reflux is the return of the stomach's contents back up into the esophagus
If your digestion is normal, the LES opens to allow food to pass into the stomach and closes to prevent food and acidic stomach juices from flowing back into the esophagus. Gastroesophageal reflux occurs when the LES is weak or relaxes inappropriately, allowing the stomach's contents to flow up into the esophagus.
The severity of GERD depends on LES dysfunction as well as the type and amount of fluid brought up from the stomach and the neutralizing effect of saliva.
Symptoms of Gastroesophageal Reflux:
· Regurgitation; the sensation of acid backing up into the throat or mouth. Regurgitation can produce a sour or bitter taste, experiencing perhaps a "wet burp" or even vomiting some contents of the stomach.
· Heartburn. Also called acid indigestion, heartburn is a burning pain or discomfort that can move up from your stomach to the middle of your abdomen and chest. The pain can also move into your throat. Despite its name, heartburn doesn't affect your heart.
Dyspepsia includes the symptoms of:
· Nausea after eating.
· Stomach fullness or bloating.
Numerous people suffer from heartburn or acid indigestion caused by GERD.
Hiatal Hernia link with GERD
Some doctors believe that some people suffer from GERD due to a condition called hiatal hernia.
It is believed that a hiatal hernia could weaken the LES and increase the possibility for gastroesophageal reflux. Hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of the stomach moves up into the chest through a small opening in the diaphragm (diaphragmatic hiatus). The diaphragm is the muscle separating the abdomen from the chest.
Many people with a hiatal hernia will not have problems with heartburn or reflux. But having this condition may allow stomach contents to reflux more easily into the esophagus.
There is a possibility that coughing, vomiting, straining, or sudden physical exertion can cause increased pressure in the abdomen resulting in hiatal hernia, also obesity and pregnancy also contribute to hiatal hernia.
This condition can affect people of all ages and treatment may be necessary if the hernia is in danger of becoming strangulated (twisted in a way that cuts off blood supply,) or is complicated by severe GERD or esophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus). The doctor may perform surgery to reduce the size of the hernia or to prevent strangulation.
In many cases, GERD symptoms can be relieved through diet and lifestyle changes; however, some people may require medication or surgery.
Some food and drink can contribute to GERD including:
Chocolate, peppermint, fried or fatty foods, caffeine, alcohol, carbonated drinks, tobacco, processed foods such as white flour products, sugar, trans fatty acids.
Obesity and pregnancy can also play a role in GERD symptoms.
Getting support for emotional issues and stress may also help with GERD symptoms by going to a qualified and accreditated:
Life coach, Counsellor, Psychotherapist, Hypnotherapist, Acupuncturist, Scenar therapist
See Avoiding stress for tips on getting support.
Use the following methods to avoid stress:
· Stop overworking
· Get enough rest and sleep
· Tranquil mind relaxation
· Exercise 30 minutes daily, 5 days a week.
· Drink 6 - 8 glasses of filtered water daily.
· Spend time with family and friends
· Reading a good book
· Reduce caffeine, processed foods, sugar, alcohol, street drugs
· Limit TV, radio and computer, particularly before sleep.
· Home use Scenar
Eat fruits (such as blueberries, cherries, and tomatoes), and vegetables (such as squash and bell peppers).
Eat foods high in B vitamins and calcium, such as almonds, beans, whole grains (if no allergy), dark leafy greens (such as spinach and kale), and sea vegetables.
20 minutes breathing meditation, just lie down and relax...
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